Remanufacture returns a used product to like-new condition; it is a process of recapturing the value added to the material when a product was first manufactured. Remanufacture results in reduced energy and material use, and production cost reductions. In the context of drivers such as the Landfill Directive, the revenue that remanufacture generates from ‘waste’ coupled with environmental advantages place the process as potentially a major contributor to Sustainable Development (SD) and movements towards a Factor 4 society.

The 2004 Oakdene Hollins Ltd (OHL) report “Remanufacturing in the UK: a significant contributor to sustainable development?” provides a detailed evaluation of the state of the UK remanufacturing industry and identified future opportunities for remanufacture, highlighting that remanufacture can lead to a reduction in carbon emissions. This report studies the links between design and remanufacture and builds on elements of the OHL report and contributions to elements of analysis by OHL, by further investigating Design for Remanufacture in terms of both detailed product design and business context.