Main results from a German company survey

Traditional efficiency-raising measures that optimise manufacturing processes are still predominant in the manufacturing sector, but new techniques and materials are also used.In many companies the basic course for a modern circular economy is not yet set: saving materials on a grand scale as early as the product design stage, through materials cycle management or new business models are notvery common so far. The material savings potential in industry has not yet been exhausted. In the companies’ view, they could save a further 3 to 4 per cent if they made optimum use of all technical possibilities. With reference to the value of Germany’s purchases of mineral raw materials from both domestic and foreign sources,this translates into a realisable savings potential of 2 billion euros.